FISH

A laboratory method used to look at genes or chromosomes in cells and tissues. Pieces of DNA that contain a fluorescent dye are made in the laboratory and added to a cell or tissue sample. When these pieces of DNA bind to certain genes or areas on chromosomes in the sample, they light up when viewed under a microscope with a special light. FISH can be used to identify where a specific gene is located on a chromosome, how many copies of the gene are present, and any chromosomal abnormalities. It is used to help diagnose diseases, such as cancer, and help plan treatment. Also called fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

A technique used to identify the presence of specific chromosomes or chromosomal regions through hybridization (attachment) of fluorescently-labeled DNA probes to denatured chromosomal DNA. Examination through a microscope under fluorescent lighting detects the presence of the colored hybridized signal (and hence presence of the chromosome material) or absence of the hybridized signal (and hence absence of the chromosome material). Also called fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms

2005-12-22 Date last modified: 2019-07-23