Definition of psychoactive substance

psychoactive substance

(SY-koh-AK-tiv SUB-stunts)
A drug or other substance that affects how the brain works and causes changes in mood, awareness, thoughts, feelings, or behavior. Examples of psychoactive substances include alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, marijuana, and certain pain medicines. Many illegal drugs, such as heroin, LSD, cocaine, and amphetamines are also psychoactive substances. Also called psychotropic substance.

Source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms