Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

Definition of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

(ROH-bot-uh-SIS-ted LA-puh-ruh-SKAH-pik RA-dih-kul PROS-tuh-TEK-toh-mee)
Surgery that uses a computer-assisted mechanical device (robot) to remove the entire prostate and some of the tissue around it, including the seminal vesicles (a gland that helps make semen). Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed. During robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, several small incisions (cuts) are made in the wall of the lower abdomen. The surgeon inserts an instrument with a camera through one of the openings and surgical instruments through the other openings using the robotic arms. The camera gives the surgeon a clear, 3-dimensional view of the prostate and surrounding structures. The surgeon then uses the robotic arms to remove the prostate. An attempt is made to protect the nerves that control penile erection and the bladder from damage. Also called robotic laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.

Source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms