Assisted reproductive technology

Definition of assisted reproductive technology

assisted reproductive technology

(uh-SIS-ted REE-proh-DUK-tiv tek-NAH-loh-jee)
A type of procedure used to treat infertility. The most common type of assisted reproductive technology is in vitro fertilization (IVF), which involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovary and combining them with sperm in the laboratory to form embryos. The embryos are then either placed in a woman’s uterus or frozen for future use. Assisted reproductive technology sometimes uses donor eggs or sperm or may involve a surrogate or gestational carrier (a woman who carries and gives birth to a baby for a person who is not able to have children). Other types of assisted reproductive technology include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), but these are used less often. Also called ART.

Source: NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms